Fundamental when we consider railway safety is to recognize a human characteristic such that human makes mistakes. There are 4 characteristics of human errors. First, there is not error mode in the human brain. Second, a result of doing the best became an error. Third, punishment is not effective to prevent reoccurrence. Fourth, it is the most important to investigate background causes. It is impossible to get rid of human errors which are results of human activities. It is important to consider safe railway operations by facing human errors which are our fate and thinking how to prevent accidents.